• Till or loosen soil to a depth of 3-4 inches, removing stones and debris. Top-dress with new soil as needed.                                                      
  • Apply a starter or basic quick release fertilizer like 12-12-12. One pound should cover approximately 100 to 150 square feet.
  • Apply half of the recommended grass seed uniformly over the entire area. Lightly rake this seed into the soil. Apply the remaining half of the grass seed over the area and tamp down lightly or roll to get good soil contact. One pound of grass seed will cover 200 to 300 square feet.
  • Cover the area to help retain moisture. This can be accomplished with straw or manufactured pellet mulch. Steep areas should be matted with a straw erosion mesh.
  • Initially, water several times each day using a gentle spray, keeping the top 1/2 inch of the soil damp taking care not to overwater. The goal is to keep the seed moist without oversaturating the soil. Once the seeds have emerged and are 1-2 inches high, water thoroughly once a day.
  • Fertilizer can be reapplied according to package instructions. 12-12-12 can be reapplied after 4 weeks. New seed will falter and stop growing if additional fertilizer is not applied. Additional seed can be added at this time to fill void areas.
  • When the new grass grows to a height of 3 inches it should be cut for the first time. Cut the grass to a height of 2 inches using a sharp mowing blade. At this point watering should be reduced to 1-3 times a week providing about 1 inch of water each time.
  • After the newly seeded areas have been mowed four times, it is safe to apply weed killer. As the turf thickens it will begin to choke out existing weeds.